Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: python-biopython version File versions  Download package

MultiDict.py

00001 """Dictionary-like objects which allow multiple keys

Python dictionaries map a key to a value.  Duplicate keys are not
allowed, and new entries replace old ones with the same key.  Order is
not otherwise preserved, so there's no way to get the items in the
order they were added to a dictionary.

Some types of data is best stored in dictionary-like object which
allow multiple values per key.  Some of these need the input order
strongly preserved, so the items can be retrieved in the same order as
they were added to the dictionary.  That is the OrderedMultiDict.

Others need a weaker ordering guarantee where the order of values for
a given key is preserved but the order between the keys is not.  That
is UnorderedMultiDict.  (Because strong ordering isn't needed, it's
faster to delete from an UnorderedMultiDict.)

To create a MultiDict, pass in an object which implements the
'allitems' method and returns a list of (key, value) pairs, or
pass in the list of (key, value) pairs directly.

The two MultiDict classes implement the following dictionary methods
  d["lookup"],
  d["key"] = value
  del d[key]
  d.get("key", default = None)
  d1 == d2, d1 != d2, len(d), iter(d), str(d)
  d.keys(), d.values(), d.items()

The new methods are:
  d.getall(key)
  d.allkeys()
  d.allvalues()
  d.allitems()
  
  >>> import MultiDict
  >>> od = MultiDict.OrderedMultiDict()
  >>> od["Name"] = "Andrew"
  >>> od["Color"] = "BLUE"
  >>> od["Name"] = "Dalke"
  >>> od["Color"] = "Green"
  >>> od[3] = 9
  >>> len(od)
  3
  >>> od["Name"]
  'Dalke'
  >>> od.getall("Name")
  ['Andrew', 'Dalke']
  >>> for k, v in od.allitems():
  ...     print "%r == %r" % (k, v)
  ...
  'Name' == 'Andrew'
  'Color' == 'BLUE'
  'Name' == 'Dalke'
  'Color' == 'Green'
  3 == 9
  >>> del od["Name"]
  >>> len(od)
  2
  >>> for k, v in od.allitems():
  ...     print "%r == %r" % (k, v)
  ...
  'Color' == 'BLUE'
  'Color' == 'Green'
  3 == 9
  >>>

The latest version of this code can be found at
  http://www.dalkescientific.com/Python/
"""
# Written in 2003 by Andrew Dalke, Dalke Scientific Software, LLC.
# This software has been released to the public domain.  No
# copyright is asserted.

# Implementation inheritence -- not asserting a class hierarchy here
#
# If there is a class hierarchy, OrderedMultiDict is a child of
# UnorderedMultiDict because it makes stronger but not different
# guarantees on how the data works, at least data-wise.
# Performance-wise, Ordered has a slower (O(n)) than Unordered (O(1)).
# Convince me otherwise and I'll change.  Besides, hierarchies are
# overrated.
class _BaseMultiDict:
    def __str__(self):
        """shows contents as if this is a dictionary

        If multiple values exist for a given key, use the last
        one added.
        """
        d = {}
        for k in self.data:
            d[k] = self.data[k][-1]
        return str(d)
    def __len__(self):
        """the number of unique keys"""
        return len(self.data)

    def __getitem__(self, key):
        """value for a given key

        If more than one value exists for the key, use one added most recently
        """
        return self.data[key][-1]

    def get(self, key, default = None):
        """value for the given key; default = None if not present
        
        If more than one value exists for the key, use the one added
        most recently.
        """
        return self.data.get(key, [default])[-1]
    
    def __contains__(self, key):
        """check if the key exists"""
        return key in self.data

    def keys(self):
        """unordered list of unique keys"""
        return self.data.keys()

    def values(self):
        """unordered list of values

        If more than one value exists for a given key, use the value
        added most recently.
        """
        return [x[-1] for x in self.data.values()]
    
    def items(self):
        """unordered list of key/value pairs

        If more than one value exists for a given key, use the value
        added most recently.
        """
        return [(k, v[-1]) for k, v in self.data.items()]

    def getall(self, key):
        """Get all values for a given key

        Multiple values are returned in input order.
        If the key does not exists, returns an empty list.
        """
        return self.data[key]

    def __iter__(self):
        """iterate through the list of unique keys"""
        return iter(self.data)

    
00150 class OrderedMultiDict(_BaseMultiDict):
    """Store key/value mappings.

    Acts like a standard dictionary with the following features:
       - duplicate keys are allowed;

       - input order is preserved for all key/value pairs.

    >>> od = OrderedMultiDict([("Food", "Spam"), ("Color", "Blue"),
    ...                        ("Food", "Eggs"), ("Color", "Green")])
    >>> od["Food"]
    'Eggs'
    >>> od.getall("Food")
    ['Spam', 'Eggs']
    >>> list(od.allkeys())
    ['Food', 'Color', 'Food', 'Color']
    >>>

    The order of keys and values(eg, od.allkeys() and od.allitems())
    preserves input order.

    Can also pass in an object to the constructor which has an
    allitems() method that returns a list of key/value pairs.

    """
    def __init__(self, multidict = None):
        self.data = {}
        self.order_data = []
        if multidict is not None:
            if hasattr(multidict, "allitems"):
                multidict = multidict.allitems()
            for k, v in multidict:
                self[k] = v
00183     def __eq__(self, other):
        """Does this OrderedMultiDict have the same contents and order as another?"""
        return self.order_data == other.order_data
00186     def __ne__(self, other):
        """Does this OrderedMultiDict have different contents or order as another?"""
        return self.order_data != other.order_data
    
    def __repr__(self):
        return "<OrderedMultiDict %s>" % (self.order_data,)

00193     def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        """Add a new key/value pair

        If the key already exists, replaces the existing value
        so that d[key] is the new value and not the old one.

        To get all values for a given key, use d.getall(key).
        """
        self.order_data.append((key, value))
        self.data.setdefault(key, []).append(value)

00204     def __delitem__(self, key):
        """Remove all values for the given key"""
        del self.data[key]
        self.order_data[:] = [x for x in self.order_data if x[0] != key]

00209     def allkeys(self):
        """iterate over all keys in input order"""
        for x in self.order_data:
            yield x[0]
00213     def allvalues(self):
        """iterate over all values in input order"""
        for x in self.order_data:
            yield x[1]
00217     def allitems(self):
        """iterate over all key/value pairs in input order"""
        return iter(self.order_data)


    
00223 class UnorderedMultiDict(_BaseMultiDict):
    """Store key/value mappings.

    Acts like a standard dictionary with the following features:
       - duplicate keys are allowed;

       - input order is preserved for all values of a given
           key but not between different keys.

    >>> ud = UnorderedMultiDict([("Food", "Spam"), ("Color", "Blue"),
    ...                          ("Food", "Eggs"), ("Color", "Green")])
    >>> ud["Food"]
    'Eggs'
    >>> ud.getall("Food")
    ['Spam', 'Eggs']
    >>>

    The order of values from a given key (as from ud.getall("Food"))
    is guaranteed but the order between keys (as from od.allkeys()
    and od.allitems()) is not.

    Can also pass in an object to the constructor which has an
    allitems() method that returns a list of key/value pairs.

    """
    def __init__(self, multidict = None):
        self.data = {}
        if multidict is not None:
            if hasattr(multidict, "allitems"):
                multidict = multidict.allitems()
            for k, v in multidict:
                self[k] = v

00256     def __eq__(self, other):
        """Does this UnorderedMultiDict have the same keys, with values in the same order, as another?"""
        return self.data == other.data

00260     def __ne__(self, other):
        """Does this UnorderedMultiDict NOT have the same keys, with values in the same order, as another?"""
        return self.data != other.data

    def __repr__(self):
        return "<UnorderedMultiDict %s>" % (self.data,)

00267     def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        """Add a new key/value pair

        If the key already exists, replaces the existing value
        so that d[key] is the new value and not the old one.

        To get all values for a given key, use d.getall(key).
        """
        self.data.setdefault(key, []).append(value)

00277     def __delitem__(self, key):
        """Remove all values for the given key"""
        del self.data[key]

00281     def allkeys(self):
        """iterate over all keys in arbitrary order"""
        for k, v in self.data.iteritems():
            for x in v:
                yield k

00287     def allvalues(self):
        """iterate over all values in arbitrary order"""
        for v in self.data.itervalues():
            for x in v:
                yield x

00293     def allitems(self):
        """iterate over all key/value pairs, in arbitrary order

        Actually, the keys are iterated in arbitrary order but all
        values for that key are iterated at sequence of addition
        to the UnorderedMultiDict.

        """
        for k, v in self.data.iteritems():
            for x in v:
                yield (k, x)

__test__ = {
    "test_ordered_multidict": """
        >>> od = OrderedMultiDict()
        >>> od["Name"] = "Andrew"
        >>> od["Color"] = "BLUE"
        >>> od["Name"] = "Dalke"
        >>> od["Color"] = "Green"
        >>> od[3] = 9
        >>> len(od)
        3
        >>> len(od.keys())
        3
        >>> len(od.values())
        3
        >>> len(od.items())
        3
        >>> od.keys()
        ['Color', 3, 'Name']
        >>> "Name" in od and "Name" in od.keys() and "Name" in od.allkeys()
        1
        >>> "Color" in od and "Color" in od.keys() and "Color" in od.allkeys()
        1
        >>> 3 in od and 3 in od.keys() and 3 in od.allkeys()
        1
        >>> od == od
        1
        >>> od != OrderedMultiDict()    # line 25
        1
        >>> list(od.allkeys())
        ['Name', 'Color', 'Name', 'Color', 3]
        >>> list(od.allvalues())
        ['Andrew', 'BLUE', 'Dalke', 'Green', 9]
        >>> list(od.allitems())
        [('Name', 'Andrew'), ('Color', 'BLUE'), ('Name', 'Dalke'), ('Color', 'Green'), (3, 9)]
        >>> len(list(od))
        3
        >>> od["invalid"]
        Traceback (most recent call last):
          File "<stdin>", line 1, in ?
          File "MultiDict.py", line 33, in __getitem__
            return self.data[key]
        KeyError: invalid
        >>> od["Color"]
        'Green'
        >>> od.getall("Color")
        ['BLUE', 'Green']
        >>> od2 = OrderedMultiDict(od)
        >>> list(od2.allitems())
        [('Name', 'Andrew'), ('Color', 'BLUE'), ('Name', 'Dalke'), ('Color', 'Green'), (3, 9)]
        >>> od == od2
        1
        >>> od2 == od                  # line 53
        1
        >>> od2 != od
        0
        >>> del od["Color"]
        >>> od["Color"]
        Traceback (most recent call last):
          File "<stdin>", line 1, in ?
          File "MultiDict.py", line 33, in __getitem__
            return self.data[key]
        KeyError: Color
        >>> list(od.allitems())
        [('Name', 'Andrew'), ('Name', 'Dalke'), (3, 9)]
        >>> list(od2.allkeys())
        ['Name', 'Color', 'Name', 'Color', 3]
        >>> od2["Color"]
        'Green'
        >>> od == od2
        0
        >>>
        >>> s = str(od2)
        >>> s = repr(od2)
    """,
   "test_unordered_multidict": """
        >>> ud = UnorderedMultiDict()
        >>> ud["Name"] = "Andrew"
        >>> ud["Color"] = "BLUE"
        >>> ud["Name"] = "Dalke"
        >>> ud["Color"] = "GREEN"
        >>> ud[3] = 9
        >>> ud[3]
        9
        >>> ud["Name"]
        'Dalke'
        >>> ud["Color"]          # line 11
        'GREEN'
        >>> ud[3]
        9
        >>> len(ud)
        3
        >>> len(list(ud)), len(ud.keys()), len(ud.values()), len(ud.items())
        (3, 3, 3, 3)
        >>> ud["invalid"]
        Traceback (most recent call last):
          File "<stdin>", line 1, in ?
          File "MultiDict.py", line 105, in __getitem__
            return self.data[key][-1]
        KeyError: invalid
        >>> ud.get("invalid")
        >>> ud.get("invalid") is None
        1
        >>> ud.get("invalid", "red")
        'red'
        >>> "Color" in ud
        1
        >>> "Color" in ud.keys()        # line 32
        1
        >>> "invalid" in ud
        0
        >>> "invalid" in ud.keys()
        0
        >>> ud.get("Color", "red")
        'GREEN'
        >>> "Andrew" in ud.values()
        0
        >>> "Dalke" in ud.values()
        1
        >>> ud.getall("Color")           # line 44
        ['BLUE', 'GREEN']
        >>> ud.getall("invalid")
        Traceback (most recent call last):
          File "<stdin>", line 1, in ?
          File "MultiDict.py", line 126, in __getitem__
            return self.data[key]
        KeyError: invalid
        >>> len(list(ud.allkeys())), len(list(ud.allvalues())), len(list(ud.allitems()))
        (5, 5, 5)
        >>> ("Color", "BLUE") in ud.allitems()
        1
        >>> ("Color", "GREEN") in ud.allitems()
        1
        >>> ("Name", "Andrew") in ud.allitems()   # line 58
        1
        >>> ("Name", "Dalke") in ud.allitems()
        1
        >>> (3, 9) in ud.allitems()
        1
        >>> x = list(ud.allkeys())
        >>> x.sort()
        >>> x
        [3, 'Color', 'Color', 'Name', 'Name']
        >>> x = list(ud.allvalues())
        >>> x.sort()
        >>> x
        [9, 'Andrew', 'BLUE', 'Dalke', 'GREEN']
        >>> x = list(ud)
        >>> x.sort()
        >>> x
        [3, 'Color', 'Name']
        >>> ud2 = UnorderedMultiDict(ud)     # line 76
        >>> ud == ud2
        1
        >>> ud != ud
        0
        >>> del ud["Color"]
        >>> ud == ud2
        0
        >>> ud != ud2
        1
        >>> len(ud)
        2
        >>> "Color" in ud
        0
        >>> "Color" in ud2               # line 90
        1
        >>> s = str(ud2)
        >>> s = repr(ud2)
   """,
  "__doc__": __doc__,
}

def _test():
    import doctest, MultiDict
    return doctest.testmod(MultiDict)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    _test()


Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index