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__init__.py

# Copyright 2001 by Gavin E. Crooks.  All rights reserved.
# Modifications Copyright 2004/2005 James Casbon. All rights Reserved.
#
# This code is part of the Biopython distribution and governed by its
# license.  Please see the LICENSE file that should have been included
# as part of this package.
#
# Changes made by James Casbon:
# - New Astral class
# - SQL functionality for both Scop and Astral classes
# - All sunids are int not strings
#
# Code written by Jeffrey Chang to access SCOP over the internet, which
# was previously in Bio.WWW.SCOP, has now been merged into this module.

""" SCOP: Structural Classification of Proteins.

The SCOP database aims to provide a manually constructed classification of
all know protein structures into a hierarchy, the main levels of which
are family, superfamily and fold.

* "SCOP":http://scop.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/scop/

* "Introduction":http://scop.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/scop/intro.html

* "SCOP parsable files":http://scop.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/scop/parse/

The Scop object in this module represents the entire SCOP classification. It
can be built from the three SCOP parsable files, modified is so desired, and
converted back to the same file formats. A single SCOP domain (represented
by the Domain class) can be obtained from Scop using the domain's SCOP
identifier (sid).


nodeCodeDict  -- A mapping between known 2 letter node codes and a longer
                  description. The known node types are 'cl' (class), 'cf'
                  (fold), 'sf' (superfamily), 'fa' (family), 'dm' (domain), 
                  'sp' (species), 'px' (domain). Additional node types may
                  be added in the future.

This module also provides code to access SCOP over the WWW.

Functions:
search        -- Access the main CGI script.
_open         -- Internally used function.

"""

from types import *
import os

import Des
import Cla
import Hie
from Residues import *
from Bio import SeqIO
from Bio.Seq import Seq


nodeCodeDict = { 'cl':'class', 'cf':'fold', 'sf':'superfamily',
                 'fa':'family', 'dm':'protein', 'sp':'species', 'px':'domain'}


_nodetype_to_code= { 'class': 'cl', 'fold': 'cf', 'superfamily': 'sf',
                     'family': 'fa', 'protein': 'dm', 'species': 'sp', 'domain': 'px'}

nodeCodeOrder = [ 'ro', 'cl', 'cf', 'sf', 'fa', 'dm', 'sp', 'px' ] 

astralBibIds = [10,20,25,30,35,40,50,70,90,95,100]

astralEvs = [10, 5, 1, 0.5, 0.1, 0.05, 0.01, 0.005, 0.001, 1e-4, 1e-5, 1e-10, 1e-15,
             1e-20, 1e-25, 1e-50]

astralEv_to_file = { 10: 'e+1', 5: 'e+0,7', 1: 'e+0', 0.5: 'e-0,3', 0.1: 'e-1',
                     0.05: 'e-1,3', 0.01: 'e-2', 0.005: 'e-2,3', 0.001: 'e-3',
                     1e-4: 'e-4',  1e-5: 'e-5', 1e-10: 'e-10', 1e-15: 'e-15',
                     1e-20: 'e-20', 1e-25: 'e-25', 1e-50: 'e-50' }

astralEv_to_sql = { 10: 'e1', 5: 'e0_7', 1: 'e0', 0.5: 'e_0_3', 0.1: 'e_1',
                     0.05: 'e_1_3', 0.01: 'e_2', 0.005: 'e_2_3', 0.001: 'e_3',
                     1e-4: 'e_4',  1e-5: 'e_5', 1e-10: 'e_10', 1e-15: 'e_15',
                     1e-20: 'e_20', 1e-25: 'e_25', 1e-50: 'e_50' }


def cmp_sccs(sccs1, sccs2):
    """Order SCOP concise classification strings (sccs).

    a.4.5.1 < a.4.5.11 < b.1.1.1 

    A sccs (e.g. a.4.5.11) compactly represents a domain's classification.
    The letter represents the class, and the numbers are the fold,
    superfamily, and family, respectively.

    """

    s1 = sccs1.split(".")
    s2 = sccs2.split(".")

    if s1[0] != s2[0]: return cmp(s1[0], s2[0])

    s1 = map(int, s1[1:])
    s2 = map(int, s2[1:])

    return cmp(s1,s2)


_domain_re = re.compile(r">?([\w_\.]*)\s+([\w\.]*)\s+\(([^)]*)\) (.*)")

def parse_domain(str):
    """Convert an ASTRAL header string into a Scop domain.

    An ASTRAL (http://astral.stanford.edu/) header contains a concise
    description of a SCOP domain. A very similar format is used when a
    Domain object is converted into a string.  The Domain returned by this
    method contains most of the SCOP information, but it will not be located
    within the SCOP hierarchy (i.e. The parent node will be None). The
    description is composed of the SCOP protein and species descriptions.

    A typical ASTRAL header looks like --
    >d1tpt_1 a.46.2.1 (1-70) Thymidine phosphorylase {Escherichia coli}
    """

    m = _domain_re.match(str)
    if (not m) : raise ValueError("Domain: "+ str)

    dom = Domain()
    dom.sid = m.group(1)
    dom.sccs = m.group(2)
    dom.residues = Residues(m.group(3))
    if not dom.residues.pdbid:
        dom.residues.pdbid= dom.sid[1:5]
    dom.description = m.group(4).strip()

    return dom

def _open_scop_file(scop_dir_path, version, filetype):
    filename = "dir.%s.scop.txt_%s" % (filetype,version)
    handle = open(os.path.join( scop_dir_path, filename))
    return handle


00142 class Scop:
    """The entire SCOP hierarchy.

    root -- The root node of the hierarchy 
    """
00147     def __init__(self, cla_handle=None, des_handle=None, hie_handle=None,
                 dir_path=None, db_handle=None, version=None):
        """Build the SCOP hierarchy from the SCOP parsable files, or a sql backend.

        If no file handles are given, then a Scop object with a single
        empty root node is returned.

        If a directory and version are given (with dir_path=.., version=...) or
        file handles for each file, the whole scop tree will be built in memory.

        If a MySQLdb database handle is given, the tree will be built as needed,
        minimising construction times.  To build the SQL database to the methods
        write_xxx_sql to create the tables.
        
        """
        self._sidDict = {}
        self._sunidDict = {}

        if cla_handle==des_handle==hie_handle==dir_path==db_handle==None: return 

        if dir_path is None and db_handle is None:
            if cla_handle == None or des_handle==None or hie_handle==None:
                raise RuntimeError("Need CLA, DES and HIE files to build SCOP")

        sunidDict = {}

        self.db_handle = db_handle
        try:
            
            if db_handle:
                # do nothing if we have a db handle, we'll do it all on the fly
                pass
            
            else:
                # open SCOP parseable files 
                if dir_path:
                    if not version:
                        raise RuntimeError("Need SCOP version to find parsable files in directory")
                    if cla_handle or des_handle or hie_handle:
                        raise RuntimeError("Cannot specify SCOP directory and specific files")
                
                    cla_handle = _open_scop_file( dir_path, version, 'cla')
                    des_handle = _open_scop_file( dir_path, version, 'des')
                    hie_handle = _open_scop_file( dir_path, version, 'hie')
                
                root = Node()
                domains = []
                root.sunid=0
                root.type='ro'
                sunidDict[root.sunid] = root
                self.root = root
                root.description = 'SCOP Root'

                # Build the rest of the nodes using the DES file
                records = Des.parse(des_handle)
                for record in records:
                    if record.nodetype =='px':
                        n = Domain()
                        n.sid = record.name
                        domains.append(n)
                    else : 
                        n = Node()
                    n.sunid = record.sunid
                    n.type = record.nodetype
                    n.sccs = record.sccs
                    n.description = record.description
                    
                    sunidDict[n.sunid] = n
 
                # Glue all of the Nodes together using the HIE file
                records = Hie.parse(hie_handle)
                for record in records:
                    if record.sunid not in sunidDict:
                        print record.sunid
                        
                    n = sunidDict[record.sunid]
    
                    if record.parent != '' : # Not root node
    
                        if record.parent not in sunidDict:
                            raise ValueError("Incomplete data?")
                                       
                        n.parent = sunidDict[record.parent]
                
                    for c in record.children:
                        if c not in sunidDict:
                            raise ValueError("Incomplete data?")
                        n.children.append(sunidDict[c])

                        
                # Fill in the gaps with information from the CLA file
                sidDict = {}
                records = Cla.parse(cla_handle)
                for record in records:
                    n = sunidDict[record.sunid]
                    assert n.sccs == record.sccs
                    assert n.sid == record.sid
                    n.residues = record.residues
                    sidDict[n.sid] = n

                # Clean up
                self._sunidDict = sunidDict
                self._sidDict = sidDict
                self._domains = tuple(domains)

        finally:
            if dir_path:
                # If we opened the files, we close the files
                if cla_handle : cla_handle.close()
                if des_handle : des_handle.close()
                if hie_handle : hie_handle.close()
                                    

    def getRoot(self):
        return self.getNodeBySunid(0)


00264     def getDomainBySid(self, sid):
        """Return a domain from its sid"""
        if sid in self._sidDict:
            return self._sidDict[sid]
        if self.db_handle:
            self.getDomainFromSQL(sid=sid)
            if sid in self._sidDict:
                return self._sidDict[sid]
        else:
            return None


00276     def getNodeBySunid(self, sunid):
        """Return a node from its sunid"""
        if sunid in self._sunidDict:
            return self._sunidDict[sunid]
        if self.db_handle:
            self.getDomainFromSQL(sunid=sunid)
            if sunid in self._sunidDict:
                return self._sunidDict[sunid]
        else:
            return None

    
00288     def getDomains(self):
        """Returns an ordered tuple of all SCOP Domains"""
        if self.db_handle:
            return self.getRoot().getDescendents('px')
        else:
            return self._domains



00297     def write_hie(self, handle):
        """Build an HIE SCOP parsable file from this object"""
        nodes = self._sunidDict.values()
        # We order nodes to ease comparison with original file
        nodes.sort(lambda n1,n2: cmp(n1.sunid, n2.sunid))

        for n in nodes:
            handle.write(str(n.toHieRecord()))


00307     def write_des(self, handle):
        """Build a DES SCOP parsable file from this object""" 
        nodes = self._sunidDict.values()
        # Origional SCOP file is not ordered?
        nodes.sort(lambda n1,n2: cmp(n1.sunid, n2.sunid))

        for n in nodes:
            if n != self.root:
                handle.write(str(n.toDesRecord()))


00318     def write_cla(self, handle):
        """Build a CLA SCOP parsable file from this object"""                
        nodes = self._sidDict.values()
        # We order nodes to ease comparison with original file
        nodes.sort(lambda n1,n2: cmp(n1.sunid, n2.sunid))

        for n in nodes:
            handle.write(str(n.toClaRecord()))


00328     def getDomainFromSQL(self, sunid=None, sid=None):
        """Load a node from the SQL backend using sunid or sid"""
        if sunid==sid==None: return None

        cur = self.db_handle.cursor()
        
        if sid:
            cur.execute("SELECT sunid FROM cla WHERE sid=%s", sid)
            res = cur.fetchone()
            if res is None:
                return None
            sunid = res[0]

        cur.execute("SELECT * FROM des WHERE sunid=%s", sunid)
        data = cur.fetchone()

        if data is not None:
            n = None
            
            #determine if Node or Domain
            if data[1] != "px":
                n = Node(scop=self)

                cur.execute("SELECT child FROM hie WHERE parent=%s", sunid)
                children = []
                for c in cur.fetchall():
                    children.append(c[0])
                n.children = children
                
                
            else:
                n = Domain(scop=self)
                cur.execute("select sid, residues, pdbid from cla where sunid=%s",
                               sunid)
                
                [n.sid,n.residues,pdbid] = cur.fetchone()
                n.residues = Residues(n.residues)
                n.residues.pdbid=pdbid
                self._sidDict[n.sid] = n
                
            [n.sunid,n.type,n.sccs,n.description] = data

            if data[1] != 'ro':
                cur.execute("SELECT parent FROM hie WHERE child=%s", sunid)
                n.parent = cur.fetchone()[0]

            n.sunid = int(n.sunid)

            self._sunidDict[n.sunid] = n
        

00379     def getAscendentFromSQL(self, node, type):
        """Get ascendents using SQL backend"""
        if nodeCodeOrder.index(type) >= nodeCodeOrder.index(node.type): return None

        cur = self.db_handle.cursor()
        cur.execute("SELECT "+type+" from cla WHERE "+node.type+"=%s", (node.sunid))
        result = cur.fetchone()
        if result is not None:
            return self.getNodeBySunid(result[0])
        else:
            return None

                            
00392     def getDescendentsFromSQL(self, node, type):
        """Get descendents of a node using the database backend.  This avoids
        repeated iteration of SQL calls and is therefore much quicker than
        repeatedly calling node.getChildren().
        """
        if nodeCodeOrder.index(type) <= nodeCodeOrder.index(node.type): return []

        des_list = []
        

        # SQL cla table knows nothing about 'ro'
        if node.type == 'ro':
            for c in node.getChildren():
                for d in self.getDescendentsFromSQL(c,type):
                    des_list.append(d)
            return des_list
        
        cur = self.db_handle.cursor()
        
        
        if type != 'px':
            cur.execute("SELECT DISTINCT des.sunid,des.type,des.sccs,description FROM \
            cla,des WHERE cla."+node.type+"=%s AND cla."+type+"=des.sunid", (node.sunid))
            data = cur.fetchall()
            for d in data:
                if int(d[0]) not in self._sunidDict:
                    n = Node(scop=self)
                    [n.sunid,n.type,n.sccs,n.description] = d
                    n.sunid=int(n.sunid)
                    self._sunidDict[n.sunid] = n

                    cur.execute("SELECT parent FROM hie WHERE child=%s", n.sunid)
                    n.parent = cur.fetchone()[0]
                                    
                    cur.execute("SELECT child FROM hie WHERE parent=%s", n.sunid)
                    children = []
                    for c in cur.fetchall():
                        children.append(c[0])
                    n.children = children
                    
                    
                des_list.append( self._sunidDict[int(d[0])] )

        else:
            cur.execute("SELECT cla.sunid,sid,pdbid,residues,cla.sccs,type,description,sp\
             FROM cla,des where cla.sunid=des.sunid and cla."+node.type+"=%s",
                        node.sunid)

            data = cur.fetchall()
            for d in data:
                if int(d[0]) not in self._sunidDict:
                    n = Domain(scop=self)
                    #[n.sunid, n.sid, n.pdbid, n.residues, n.sccs, n.type,
                    #n.description,n.parent] = data
                    [n.sunid,n.sid, pdbid,n.residues,n.sccs,n.type,n.description,
                     n.parent] = d[0:8]
                    n.residues = Residues(n.residues)
                    n.residues.pdbid = pdbid
                    n.sunid = int(n.sunid)
                    self._sunidDict[n.sunid] = n
                    self._sidDict[n.sid] = n
                    
                    
                des_list.append( self._sunidDict[int(d[0])] )

        return des_list
        
                
        

00462     def write_hie_sql(self, handle):
        """Write HIE data to SQL database"""
        cur = handle.cursor()

        cur.execute("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS hie")
        cur.execute("CREATE TABLE hie (parent INT, child INT, PRIMARY KEY (child),\
        INDEX (parent) )")

        for p in self._sunidDict.values():
            for c in p.children:
                cur.execute("INSERT INTO hie VALUES (%s,%s)" % (p.sunid, c.sunid))


00475     def write_cla_sql(self, handle):
        """Write CLA data to SQL database"""
        cur = handle.cursor()

        cur.execute("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS cla")
        cur.execute("CREATE TABLE cla (sunid INT, sid CHAR(8), pdbid CHAR(4),\
        residues VARCHAR(50), sccs CHAR(10), cl INT, cf INT, sf INT, fa INT,\
        dm INT, sp INT, px INT, PRIMARY KEY (sunid), INDEX (SID) )")

        for n in self._sidDict.values():
            c = n.toClaRecord()
            cur.execute( "INSERT INTO cla VALUES (%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s)",
                         (n.sunid, n.sid, c.residues.pdbid, c.residues, n.sccs,
                         n.getAscendent('cl').sunid, n.getAscendent('cf').sunid,
                         n.getAscendent('sf').sunid, n.getAscendent('fa').sunid,
                         n.getAscendent('dm').sunid, n.getAscendent('sp').sunid,
                         n.sunid ))                         
        

00494     def write_des_sql(self, handle):
        """Write DES data to SQL database"""
        cur = handle.cursor()

        cur.execute("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS des")
        cur.execute("CREATE TABLE des (sunid INT, type CHAR(2), sccs CHAR(10),\
        description VARCHAR(255),\
        PRIMARY KEY (sunid) )")
        
        for n in self._sunidDict.values():
            cur.execute( "INSERT INTO des VALUES (%s,%s,%s,%s)",
                         ( n.sunid, n.type, n.sccs, n.description ) )                        
        

  
00509 class Node:
    """ A node in the Scop hierarchy

    sunid  -- SCOP unique identifiers. e.g. '14986'

    parent -- The parent node

    children -- A list of child nodes

    sccs     -- SCOP concise classification string. e.g. 'a.1.1.2'

    type     -- A 2 letter node type code. e.g. 'px' for domains

    description -- 
        
    """
00525     def __init__(self, scop=None):
        """Create a Node in the scop hierarchy.  If a Scop instance is provided to the
        constructor, this will be used to lookup related references using the SQL
        methods.  If no instance is provided, it is assumed the whole tree exists
        and is connected."""
        self.sunid=''    
        self.parent = None
        self.children=[]
        self.sccs = ''   
        self.type =''    
        self.description =''
        self.scop=scop

    def __str__(self):
        s = []
        s.append(str(self.sunid))
        s.append(self.sccs)
        s.append(self.type)
        s.append(self.description)

        return " ".join(s)

00547     def toHieRecord(self):
        """Return an Hie.Record"""
        rec = Hie.Record()
        rec.sunid = str(self.sunid)
        if self.getParent() : #Not root node
            rec.parent = str(self.getParent().sunid)
        else:
            rec.parent = '-'
        for c in self.getChildren():
            rec.children.append(str(c.sunid))
        return rec
    
00559     def toDesRecord(self):
        """Return a Des.Record"""        
        rec = Des.Record()
        rec.sunid = str(self.sunid)
        rec.nodetype = self.type
        rec.sccs = self.sccs
        rec.description = self.description
        return rec

00568     def getChildren(self):
        """Return a list of children of this Node"""
        if self.scop is None:
            return self.children
        else:
            return map ( self.scop.getNodeBySunid, self.children )

00575     def getParent(self):
        """Return the parent of this Node"""
        if self.scop is None:
            return self.parent
        else:
            return self.scop.getNodeBySunid( self.parent )

00582     def getDescendents( self, node_type):
        """ Return a list of all decendent nodes of the given type. Node type can a
        two letter code or longer description. e.g. 'fa' or 'family'
        """
        if node_type in _nodetype_to_code:
            node_type = _nodetype_to_code[node_type]
            
        nodes = [self]
        if self.scop:
            return self.scop.getDescendentsFromSQL(self,node_type)
        while nodes[0].type != node_type:
            if nodes[0].type == 'px' : return [] # Fell of the bottom of the hierarchy
            child_list = []
            for n in nodes:
                for child in n.getChildren():
                    child_list.append( child )
                nodes = child_list
                
        return nodes
                    

00603     def getAscendent( self, node_type):
        """ Return the ancenstor node of the given type, or None.Node type can a
        two letter code or longer description. e.g. 'fa' or 'family'"""
        if node_type in _nodetype_to_code:
            node_type = _nodetype_to_code[node_type]

        if self.scop:
            return self.scop.getAscendentFromSQL(self,node_type)
        else:
            n = self
            if n.type == node_type: return None
            while n.type != node_type:
                if n.type == 'ro': return None # Fell of the top of the hierarchy
                n = n.getParent()            
                
            return n
                                                            
    

00622 class Domain(Node):
    """ A SCOP domain. A leaf node in the Scop hierarchy.

    sid      -- The SCOP domain identifier. e.g. 'd5hbib_'

    residues -- A Residue object. It defines the collection
                  of PDB atoms that make up this domain.
    """
00630     def __init__(self,scop=None):
        Node.__init__(self,scop=scop)
        self.sid = ''         
        self.residues = None

    def __str__(self):
        s = []
        s.append(self.sid)
        s.append(self.sccs)
        s.append("("+str(self.residues)+")")

        if not self.getParent():
            s.append(self.description)
        else:
            sp = self.getParent()
            dm = sp.getParent()
            s.append(dm.description)
            s.append("{"+sp.description+"}")

        return " ".join(s)

00651     def toDesRecord(self):
        """Return a Des.Record"""
        rec = Node.toDesRecord(self)
        rec.name = self.sid
        return rec

00657     def toClaRecord(self):
        """Return a Cla.Record"""        
        rec = Cla.Record()
        rec.sid = self.sid
        rec.residues = self.residues
        rec.sccs = self.sccs
        rec.sunid = self.sunid
        
        n = self
        while n.sunid != 0: #Not root node
            rec.hierarchy.append( (n.type, str(n.sunid)) )
            n = n.getParent()

        rec.hierarchy.reverse()
       
        return rec
            
00674 class Astral:
    """Abstraction of the ASTRAL database, which has sequences for all the SCOP domains,
    as well as clusterings by percent id or evalue.
    """

00679     def __init__( self, dir_path=None, version=None, scop=None,
                  astral_file=None, db_handle=None):
        """
        Initialise the astral database.
        
        You must provide either a directory of SCOP files:
                
        dir_path - string, the path to location of the scopseq-x.xx directory
                   (not the directory itself), and
        version   -a version number.
        
        or, a FASTA file:
        
        astral_file - string, a path to a fasta file (which will be loaded in memory)
        
        or, a MYSQL database:
        
        db_handle - a database handle for a MYSQL database containing a table
                    'astral' with the astral data in it.  This can be created
                    using writeToSQL.
        """

        if astral_file==dir_path==db_handle==None:
            raise RuntimeError("Need either file handle, or (dir_path + "\
                       + "version) or database handle to construct Astral")
        if not scop:
            raise RuntimeError("Must provide a Scop instance to construct")

        self.scop = scop
        self.db_handle = db_handle 

        
        if not astral_file and not db_handle:
            if dir_path == None or version == None:
                raise RuntimeError("must provide dir_path and version")

            self.version = version
            self.path = os.path.join( dir_path, "scopseq-%s" % version)
            astral_file = "astral-scopdom-seqres-all-%s.fa" % self.version
            astral_file = os.path.join (self.path, astral_file)

        if astral_file:
            #Build a dictionary of SeqRecord objects in the FASTA file, IN MEMORY
            self.fasta_dict = SeqIO.to_dict(SeqIO.parse(open(astral_file), "fasta"))

        self.astral_file = astral_file
        self.EvDatasets = {}
        self.EvDatahash = {}
        self.IdDatasets = {}
        self.IdDatahash = {}
                
        
00731     def domainsClusteredByEv(self,id):
        """get domains clustered by evalue"""
        if id not in self.EvDatasets:
            if self.db_handle:
                self.EvDatasets[id] = self.getAstralDomainsFromSQL(astralEv_to_sql[id])
                
            else:
                if not self.path:
                    raise RuntimeError("No scopseq directory specified")
                
                file_prefix = "astral-scopdom-seqres-sel-gs"
                filename = "%s-e100m-%s-%s.id" % (file_prefix, astralEv_to_file[id] ,
                                                  self.version)
                filename = os.path.join(self.path,filename)
                self.EvDatasets[id] = self.getAstralDomainsFromFile(filename)
        return self.EvDatasets[id]


00749     def domainsClusteredById(self,id):
        """get domains clustered by percent id"""
        if id not in self.IdDatasets:
            if self.db_handle:
                self.IdDatasets[id] = self.getAstralDomainsFromSQL("id"+str(id))
                
            else:
                if not self.path:
                    raise RuntimeError("No scopseq directory specified")
                
                file_prefix = "astral-scopdom-seqres-sel-gs"
                filename = "%s-bib-%s-%s.id" % (file_prefix, id, self.version)
                filename = os.path.join(self.path,filename)
                self.IdDatasets[id] = self.getAstralDomainsFromFile(filename)
        return self.IdDatasets[id]


00766     def getAstralDomainsFromFile(self,filename=None,file_handle=None):
        """Get the scop domains from a file containing a list of sids"""
        if file_handle == filename == None:
            raise RuntimeError("You must provide a filename or handle")
        if not file_handle:
            file_handle = open(filename)
        doms = []
        while 1:
            line = file_handle.readline()
            if not line:
                break
            line = line.rstrip()
            doms.append(line)
        if filename:
            file_handle.close()

        doms = filter( lambda a: a[0]=='d', doms )
        doms = map( self.scop.getDomainBySid, doms )
        return doms

00786     def getAstralDomainsFromSQL(self, column):
        """Load a set of astral domains from a column in the astral table of a MYSQL
        database (which can be created with writeToSQL(...)"""
        cur = self.db_handle.cursor()
        cur.execute("SELECT sid FROM astral WHERE "+column+"=1")
        data = cur.fetchall()
        data = map( lambda x: self.scop.getDomainBySid(x[0]), data)
        
        return data
    

00797     def getSeqBySid(self,domain):
        """get the seq record of a given domain from its sid"""
        if self.db_handle is None:
            return self.fasta_dict[domain].seq
        
        else:
            cur = self.db_handle.cursor()
            cur.execute("SELECT seq FROM astral WHERE sid=%s", domain)
            return Seq(cur.fetchone()[0])

00807     def getSeq(self,domain):
        """Return seq associated with domain"""
        return self.getSeqBySid(domain.sid)


00812     def hashedDomainsById(self,id):
        """Get domains clustered by sequence identity in a dict"""
        if id not in self.IdDatahash:
            self.IdDatahash[id] = {}
            for d in self.domainsClusteredById(id):
                self.IdDatahash[id][d] = 1
        return self.IdDatahash[id]

00820     def hashedDomainsByEv(self,id):
        """Get domains clustered by evalue in a dict"""
        if id not in self.EvDatahash:
            self.EvDatahash[id] = {}
            for d in self.domainsClusteredByEv(id):
                self.EvDatahash[id][d] = 1
        return self.EvDatahash[id]
                                                        

00829     def isDomainInId(self,dom,id):
        """Returns true if the domain is in the astral clusters for percent ID"""
        return dom in self.hashedDomainsById(id)

00833     def isDomainInEv(self,dom,id):
        """Returns true if the domain is in the ASTRAL clusters for evalues"""
        return dom in self.hashedDomainsByEv(id)
            

00838     def writeToSQL(self, db_handle):
        """Write the ASTRAL database to a MYSQL database"""
        cur = db_handle.cursor()

        cur.execute("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS astral")
        cur.execute("CREATE TABLE astral (sid CHAR(8), seq TEXT, PRIMARY KEY (sid))")

        for dom in self.fasta_dict.keys():
            cur.execute( "INSERT INTO astral (sid,seq) values (%s,%s)",
                         (dom, self.fasta_dict[dom].seq.data))
        
        
        for i in astralBibIds:
            cur.execute("ALTER TABLE astral ADD (id"+str(i)+" TINYINT)")
            
            for d in self.domainsClusteredById(i):
                cur.execute("UPDATE astral SET id"+str(i)+"=1  WHERE sid=%s",
                            d.sid)

        for ev in astralEvs:
            cur.execute("ALTER TABLE astral ADD ("+astralEv_to_sql[ev]+" TINYINT)")

            for d in self.domainsClusteredByEv(ev):
                
                cur.execute("UPDATE astral SET "+astralEv_to_sql[ev]+"=1  WHERE sid=%s",
                            d.sid)

def search(pdb=None, key=None, sid=None, disp=None, dir=None, loc=None,
           cgi='http://scop.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/scop/search.cgi', **keywds):
    """search(pdb=None, key=None, sid=None, disp=None, dir=None, loc=None,
    cgi='http://scop.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/scop/search.cgi', **keywds)

    Access search.cgi and return a handle to the results.  See the
    online help file for an explanation of the parameters:
    http://scop.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/scop/help.html

    Raises an IOError if there's a network error.

    """
    params = {'pdb' : pdb, 'key' : key, 'sid' : sid, 'disp' : disp,
              'dir' : dir, 'loc' : loc}
    variables = {}
    for k in params.keys():
        if params[k] is not None:
            variables[k] = params[k]
    variables.update(keywds)
    return _open(cgi, variables)

def _open(cgi, params={}, get=1):
    """_open(cgi, params={}, get=1) -> UndoHandle

    Open a handle to SCOP.  cgi is the URL for the cgi script to access.
    params is a dictionary with the options to pass to it.  get is a boolean
    that describes whether a GET should be used.  Does some
    simple error checking, and will raise an IOError if it encounters one.

    """
    import urllib
    from Bio import File
    # Open a handle to SCOP.
    options = urllib.urlencode(params)
    if get:  # do a GET
        fullcgi = cgi
        if options:
            fullcgi = "%s?%s" % (cgi, options)
        handle = urllib.urlopen(fullcgi)
    else:    # do a POST
        handle = urllib.urlopen(cgi, options)

    # Wrap the handle inside an UndoHandle.
    uhandle = File.UndoHandle(handle)
    # Should I check for 404?  timeout?  etc?
    return uhandle

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